Thursday, 16 March 2017

bim conference 2017

Building on the well-attended first four conferences, in particular last year’s conference on BIM and Lean, this year’s conference will showcase successful applications of BIM by many disciplines in all the lifecycle phases. As in previous years, the speakers will speak from personal experience in applying BIM beneficially and quantify the costs and benefits of BIM use as much as possible. They will present examples of using BIM on a wide range of types of projects and in support of many roles,

disciplines, and life cycle phases from project idea to facility management.


Thursday, 9 March 2017

BIMarabia Second issue

BIMarabia is the first E-magazine intended to spread awareness of
BIM tools and workflows across Arabic region. BIMarabia is written and
edited by users, targeted to be beneficial to practitioners and researchers
in the field. For more information, please go to
This is the second edition from BIMarabia magazine English version,
the growth in the construction industry in Arab World especially in
Building Information Modeling (BIM) applications pushing us to develop
this magazine to satisfy the needs of the market. When the Arabic
version was published, many readers asked for translation into English
or any other language, Thus, we decided to translate it into English. If
anyone is interested in translating into any other language or join our
team, please don’t hesitate to contact us:
Nothing is wiser than what Abdul Rahim Bin Ali said “ I’ve never seen a
writer wrote a book without saying in the next day : If this was changed
it’d be better, If this was increased it’d be advisable, If this was moved
forward it woudl have been better and If this was let as it was it’d be
better, This is the greatest lesson and an evidence of the size of shortage
among humans.
Finally, after modicum progress in this broad knowledge
hopes to obtain admission and receive plaudits.
Omar Selim

Introduction To BIM 4
BIM, is it a new science? Alternatively, is it an ancient one? 8
4D specialist (responsible for building 4D model) 17
Fifth Dimension (5D) in BIM 22
Level of Details (LoD) 25
Introduction to Facility Management Filed 31
Implementing BIM technology between acceptance and rejection 35
Quotes about BIM 37
Qatar BIM User Day

العدد السابع عشر من بيم ارابيا

نتشرف بتقديم العدد السابع عشر من بيم ارابيا

كيف تنتقى فريق عمل ناجح  4
امثله لبرمجة الدينامو   6
تحضير قالب المشاريع (Template) الخاص بي   9
مراقبة أية تغييرات تطرأ على الاثار باستخدام D3D POINT CLOU
تقييم الاستفادة من برمجيات BIM في مجال الاستدامة  16
تطبيق عملي للبيم في مرحلة التصميم المبدئي باستخدام الدينامو  21
المتحف المصري الكبير  25
الحلقة 17 :كفاءة البيم BIM الفردية  42
الحلقة 18: مقارنة نضوج نمذجة معلومات البناء BIM للبلدان  45
الحلقة 19: طرق انتشار نمذجة معلومات البناء  47

لتحميل مجلة بيم ارابيا

Thursday, 2 March 2017

Interview with Dr. Bilal Succar

Omar Selim: Could you please introduce yourself?
Dr. Succar: My name is Billal Succar,I am working on BIM performance assessment. I have studied Interior Design, after that I studied “Architecture Management”. Then i got PhD degree in BIM in the field of performance evaluation. I have started my career in the field since 2003, I worked as a BIM Manager for five years and then i became a counselor in my own company.
Since 2009 I become specialized in the evaluation of BIM performance, I have established my own website to assess the performance of the companies and employees.
Omar Selim: What is the definition of BIM?
Dr. Succar: if you ask five people about BIM definition you will get six different answers, the definition which i have followed and developed by researches, is set of techniques and methods of work.
Omar Selim: How much did BIM spread?
Dr. Succar: It differs from country to another, Australia is not as UK, and an overview of BIM it has become Common since the beginning of the third millennium, but the technique and style was known in the 60s, but at that time it was not called BIM, and it was not successful because the technology was not advanced, the computers were weak and costly. Nowadays it is accepted technically as it became well-known in the late of 90s and the first of the third millennium. The main reason for this change is Auto desk as it developed revit and merged it with their programs,which makes people aware more about BIM Concept,But BIM Concept is Earlier than Revit and AutoCAD.
Omar Selim: The Benefits of BIM in design stages Is it real or is it subject of discussion?
Dr. Succar: BIM is no longer a subject of discussion, and varies from country to another. For example, Australia, USA and UK recognized the benefits and it is no longer a subject of discussion, BIM has benefits at all stages of the lifetime of the project from beginning, before design and operation phase. The most benefits of BIM is not only the design, but in all the following phases of the project FACILITY MANAGEMENT OPERATION.
Omar Selim: How is BIM related to the project management?
Dr. Succar: There are two answers. The first one is: the project manager is the weaken point to adopt BIM. The designers and project owner are forerunners, the Project Manager must take advantage of BIM, so that they can develop the project management manner by visualized way before the PHYSICAL.
The second answer is, the BIM supports project management by encouraging the cooperation and the exchange of data, in order to get good results.
Omar Selim: an advice to the project manager, how can he/she take advantage of the BIM?
Dr. Succar: Project Manager is the biggest beneficiary of BIM if he decides to take the advantage of it, because of the integration of BIM for design or Construction, it gives the transparency to detect errors at the early phases, they also could take advantage and reduce risks.
Omar Selim: What is the relationship between BIM with laws and regulations and model contract? For example, who owns the model? Because the courts do not know CAD, so it can’t judge about BIM.
Dr. Succar: The model consists of numbers of elements (doors, windows ..etc) and not one element, so we must differentiate between the owner of the model and who built it. This follows the contract which is called BIM EXECUTION PLAN.
Omar Selim: How do the countries and companies evaluate BIM?
Dr. Succar: For example, Australia for ten years, small numbers of engineering companies used BIM technology and it used for them. In the past four or five years, contractors and owners used BIM and in the UK. We can measure BIM maturity in any country by accreditation ratio of BIM, the maturity of a country, and we compare between USA and UK, UAE and Qatar according to the following factors:
Number of companies using BIM
Do the Universities teach special topics in BIM technology
Protocol – specially of BIM and elements.
Thus, a number of possible factors which can be measured in each country, according to this basis we can measure maturity of the BIM technology.
Omar Selim: what is better BIM to be imposed or to be optional?
Dr. Succar: There is no easy answer, depends on your country’s culture. What was the country’s initial system before the BIM implementation, a good example of this type of country that won’t impose is the USA and Australia. Because it rejects possible governmental intervention and it may create a backfire, therefore these countries do not impose.
But the industry in other the countries considers what exactly do you do, for example, countries like Singapore and the Gulf, as well as part of the UK if the government did not obligate engineering firms to apply BIM they would never implement it, For example; Singapore’s reliance on the state regulation is obligatory.
Omar Selim: Is it better to have standard criteria in each country?
Dr. Succar: Of course, it is better to have the unified standard, but it must contains maturity and it must go through certain period where there are larger number of the guidelines and the standards. Then it reaches the mature period in the future where there must be one. The answer is obvious, but there will be people who will not be convinced in the beginning.
Omar Selim: Is each company trying to work out something special?
Dr. Succar: The government in general does not mandate to have details or to identify the small elements but it determines the outcome, and what should be delivered “performance matrix”. It never interferes how the model design or its details.
After that the organizations develop manuals to guide companies within the members. Moreover, each company is required to follow the protocol and not the standard, so every person within the company can make the model in the same way.
Guide subject has 3 parts:
The government has a role.
Organizations have a role.
And the company has a role.
Omar Selim: If the government imposes restriction such as it would receive BIM projects only, then what criteria you would tell the government about BIM?
Dr. Succar: The government, the owner or any other person who will benefit from BIM, must have knowledge about BIM, If the owner has no knowledge so he will consider anything colorful 3D handed to him by the designer is the BIM. The only way we guarantee that this is BIM and it is designed accurately with enough data, is to educate the owner and the project manager. And to develop the requirement chain by those who determines BIM for them. And they should have members who have experience in assessments of what is delivered.
If these requirements do not exist and those people are not in the government or with the owner, then anything will be delivered to them is the same.

Translated By: Mohammad Abdo.

BIM between the acceptance & rejection

Kamal Shawqi

Before discussing details about this technology, let’s recap what are the basic steps in a project. The basic steps are idea, design, drawings estimation, defined the action plan, and then implementation process, all the way to the operation and maintenance.
These are the basic steps of any engineering project, whether it is electrical, mechanical, structural or architectural. For any type of engineering project, it requires cooperation between engineers from various departments during each phase of the project. However, the main problem is the weakness of cooperation or misunderstanding, which might occur between engineers of different departments. Furthermore, this may generate significant errors during the project design stage and then during the implementation phase, not to mention waste of time and money.
Firstly engineers always have suffered from methods of software-based which depend on simulation for the building works (e.g. the adoption of structural analysis on the Analytical Modeling programs). Although these software has formed a qualitative bound in the field of design still can cause some design problems, especially if the software has been used non-professionally (especially by students and junior engineers). Secondly, it helps engineers with the production of various detailed charts, estimations and time schedules, that are output automatically after the completion of modeling and it runs the software per the BIM. After we learned about the definition of BIM technology, let’s see another article that will move us forward to the next question, an author listed some advantages of a new technology that addresses some of the deficiencies current method.


Most of the Building Information Modeling experts are passionately supporting others to master the use of this technology and encourage early collaboration between the designer and the contractor to build the best facilities and to develop the construction industry in a broader perspective. But we are also aware of the excessive difficulties of this approach, which is that is the weakness of marketing and involves technique for Clients, design and contractors – and construction firms. It is also typical for human beings to resist changes and this technique requires major changes. It will change corporate culture committed to the standards imposed by the adoption of this revolutionary process. The success of the marketing and the fulfillment of the changes that are required for the success of the BIM implementation is more important than the technical development itself.
We humans always want to see clearly around us, but on the other hand, we do not wish to share this ability with others. In other words, we are always trying to hide details that are not up to the level of acceptable standards instead of we show the details that we are proud of. Since the BIM technology cannot hide a lot, so we believe that time is necessary to accept it and get used to it.
BIM technology requires more cooperation and it forces us to deal with colleagues differently. Thus, so it is from psychological point of view is a healthy development and the transition is not easy, the need for cooperation will lead to dependence the development of team spirit and makes its members more comfortable for mutual assistance among themselves and sharing responsibility for the product outcome. The team members will respect the points you share information with them but always keep it as a subject to disagreement, the use of this technology will also enhance the culture of collaboration, rather than the culture of competition and everyone will be proud of the results of the joint work.
The BIM technology used in:
● Facilitation of the design and drawing process, and construction.
● Estimating, the study of the project expenses.
● Verification of the integrity of the building, the discovery of errors and reduces risks.
● Study the building environment; how it is reflected on the health and social life.
● Saving time and effort.
● Coordination and greater cooperation with the various engineering departments.
● Increasing customers and public confidence.
● Increasing employees’ productivity.
With all the features mentioned above there are barriers preventing them from switching to a new technology. They are not ready to switch and adapt the process.
Barriers prevents the transition to the technology of BIM software:
● Work flow fears that obtains by beginners.
● Company size and specialization.
● Skill level of the current users and extent of their willingness to develop.
● The cost of training.
● Lack of mental readiness to accept the idea of ​​switching to the new technology.
● Unwillingness to invest the time and money required to move to a new platform.
● The cost of new computer hardware, different features from current to suit the new software.
This is what makes AutoCAD an interesting option for many coming years.
Transition to technology of BIM software requires a change in the nature of the prevailing thinking about projects modeling and construction, and needs to develop management processes. Transition to the technology of BIM software meant to reduce the number of employees, and for that to happen it needs to move to the development of the current Career Level, this may be hard on people who are accustomed to AutoCAD and adapted to it. However, you must think about the benefits and advantages derived from transition to the technology of BIM software, and everyone who truly knows the technology of BIM software astonished by its performance, and its ability to improve the building, vision and documentation performance, with the benefits of maintaining the safety and durability. All this sums up the reality that the AutoCAD and technology BIM software are great products, and it is a precise decision to move to the BIM technology software.
AutoCAD or Revit?
I always say, two software are essential and are the most important two-dimension software in the world, and it operates its own style and technology. The Revit is the most important software in the modern era that uses BIM technology, so it is preferable for the user to have sufficient knowledge of both software, beginner AutoCAD and advanced Revit. Therefore, I do not encourage leaving AutoCAD completely and move on to Revit, but instead develop our knowledge, experience and proficiency by learning Revit along with AutoCAD, when the world dispenses AutoCAD completely, at that time I will tell you to forget AutoCAD.

Translated By: Mohammad Abdo.


I am honored to have my first interview for first issue of BIM Arabia magazine with Mr.BIM:

Omar Selim: Would you introduce yourself, please?
BIM: My name is BIM, which BIM that stands for Building Information Modeling.
Building is for buildings such as schools, factories, homes, towers, streets and cities.
Information is for the availability of information which is useful for the building process and not only a model or a structure.
Modeling is any Visual representation of information as if you see framework (3D model) in front of you, not a plain AutoCAD drawing.
However, I’m not just like 3D Max. I’m informative as each element shall has its needed information. For example doors shall include information about material type, painting and fire resistance.

Omar Selim: Are you a new theory in the construction industry ?
BIM: No, theoretically, I have existed since 1970, however, the extensive use of hardware was the reason of not being spread previously, as the hardware back then was weak, ancient and could not represent the characteristics of the building in digital form. I was firstly executed under the concept of virtual construction via ArchiCAD Software for GRAPHISOFT Company, beginning FROM 1987.

Omar Selim: What are the reasons for the recent attention?
BIM: For many reasons including availability of hardware that can formulate a digital model integrating necessary information about the building, as well as the current trend to build a lot of unique buildings that were not designed before, as if you repeated the same building as in Residential complexes, you will return the same design without problems.
However, building a complex building (such as Tower Khalifa or the Kingdom or Tower Al-Arab) with unique properties, The model should be created to know whether it will handle it or not, how much will it cost, Would there be a problem in regards to energy consumption?
Using CAD technology caused some problems that discovered during the constriction stage. As long as I am being applied in place and correctly; I prove myself and gets attention. Therefore, there are a lot of Masters and Doctorate degrees (PHDs) about me. Many countries made me mandatory. Also, there are Presidents who have talked about me like USA-President Barack Obama.

Omar Selim: Why There are many rumors about you these days?
BIM: because people heard about me but not from me.
Most of these rumors claims that I am only a software where some Talk Shows refer to me as Revit. I’m not a software – I’m a set of technologies and working process, any Software fulfills this methodology is a BIM Software.
If a Software such as MS Word or Paint could draw a building model which has all the required information and could resolve conflicts and obtain inventory data in seconds, then it is a BIM.
If the most complicated Software in the world couldn’t do this, then it isn’t a BIM.
Let’s take AutoCAD as an example, when I add tools to draw walls and doors it become AutoCAD ARCH which is one of BIM Softwares.
I emphasize that no Software is called BIM, I am a technique, a method of work.
Another rumor is that I am a 3D Software and the only difference between me and the CAD is only a count. Not a brag, I’m a 3D, 4D, 6D to infinite nD.
When you enter all the valid data, no limit to what you can get, for example:
4D is the time dimension,
It will allow you to observe all construction stages based on your entered data, so you may see firstly, an empty plot, then the drilling , the foundation then the ground floor and the first floor will start to emerge and so on and so forth.
5D Costs: Not just the cost of an item such as a door but the cost of the door including the worker wage and the price of the screws and if there is a subcontractor.
I’m also useful when it comes to safety and project management. Also in Facility operation and management after handing it over to the client…

Omar Selim : There’s a rumor about conflict between you and the CAD ?
BIM: It is a false rumor. The CAD would still be accessible but greater reliance will be on me. My existence was to solve the problem that CAD could not settle. The CAD Non-specialty is considered is considered as an advantage and disadvantage at the same time. It can be used to design clothing or greeting cards, it’s like drawing on a paper. On the other hand, I am specialized in buildings as appears from my name (i.e. MS Excel doesn’t eliminate the presence of MS Word.) Away from work, we are friends and stay together.
Omar Selim: Who is benefiting from you?
BIM: Almost everyone can benefit from me; Engineers who shares information at the same time with others, rather than waiting for them to finish and restore work or design. Architect gets sections and elevations instantly, and doesn’t have to amend in every sheet. Amendments occurs automatically, Structural design simulates the building structurally, MEP finds inventory ready, the contractor knows the accurate cost before tendering, government provides waste potential. Future generations will find building elements available, and the greatest beneficiary is the owner, the biggest benefit is in the period of the building operation, as I give immediate and complete information about where any mistake occurs at the same moment, even if it was a simple mistake; it can be fixed directly or send a worker to fix it, an entire hotel can be managed via mobile phone.
Omar Selim: Is there books wrote about you?
BIM: Hundreds of books but the most important are:
1-BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors. Written by Chuck Eastman, Paul Teicholz, Rafael Sacks and Kathleen, which gives deep understanding of technology and its associated processes. It highlights strong projects.
2-The Impact of Building Information Modeling: Transforming Construction. Written by Ray Crotty who lives in United Kingdom which is the reason behind finding interest in European Softwares such as Archicad. A beautiful book with a lot of updated information.
3-Green BIM: Successful Sustainable Design with Building Information Modeling. It concentrates on sustainability and its relation to BIM and how they grow together. Also, energy efficiency which is currently one of the top most criteria for the evaluation of building proposed design, in which comes the role of BIM.
4-Building Information Modeling: Planning and Managing Construction Projects with 4D CAD and Simulations.
Omar Selim: How BIM can improve processes such as construction management and construction documentation?
BIM: There are a whole section of the book which is devoted to the study of models of existing companies
In regards to a book in Arabic, there is “way to bim“ BIM Manual for individuals and companies, the book is good for Arabic speakers and you can download it for free.
دليل الافراد و الشركات نحو ال BIM
Omar Selim: What is your favorite color?
BIM: My favorite color is green where you find me very helpful for green BUILDING and how to achieve the best energy efficient design
Omar Selim: Is there a documented study on the benefits of implementing BIM?
BIM: The Stanford University Centre of the Integrated Facilities Engineering’s (CIFE) conducted a study on 32 huge projects and found that:
• You can avoid 40% of surprises during execution.
• Accuracy in cost estimation reached 97%.
• Saved 80% of the time needed to calculate cost.
• 10% cost savings.
• Reducing 7% of project period.
McGraw Hill Foundation conducted a questionnaire recently which showed that ((three quarters of BIM users in Western Europe have confirmed tangible positive results on their investment on those models, compared with 63% of BIM users in North America)).
Omar Selim: What are the largest projects that worked by BIM?
BIM: Almost all unique large-scale projects, for example:
– Build London Live 2012
– Build Qatar Live 2012
– D.C. Riverside Office Building
– Ellicott Heights
– Arboleda Open BIM Project

Translated by Radwa Hassan & Zidan Fahmy